The Eastern State Penitentiary, also known as ESP, is a former American prison in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is found at 2027 Fairmount Avenue between Corinthian Avenue and North 22nd Street in the Fairmount section of the city, and was operational from 1829 until 1971. The penitentiary refined the revolutionary system of separate incarceration first pioneered at the Walnut Street Jail which emphasized principles of reform rather than punishment. Notorious criminals such as bank robber Willie Sutton and Al Capone were held inside its innovative wagon wheel design. At its completion, the building was the largest and most expensive public structure ever erected, and quickly became a model for more than 300 prisons worldwide. Designed by John Haviland and opened on October 25, 1829, Eastern State is considered to be the world's first true penitentiary. Eastern State's revolutionary system of incarceration, dubbed the "Pennsylvania System" or Separate system, encouraged separate confinement (the warden was legally required to visit every inmate every day, and the overseers were mandated to see each inmate three times a day) as a form of rehabilitation.
FAA2292 ENDURING ROOTSFAA2329 HUB-AND-SPOKEFAA2327 PRISON TEXTUREFAA2326 WINDOW OF GODFAA2319 PRISON OF STONEFAA2323 CELL BLOCKFAA2313 HOSPITAL WINGFAA2287 VINES AND STONESFAA2322 PRISON TEXTUREFAA2321 PRISON TEXTUREFAA2320 PRISON TEXTUREFAA2325 JAIL BIRDFAA2330 TOWERINGFAA2324 PRISON CELLFAA2306 PANED DOORFAA2296 SHADED DOORWAYFAA2318 DOZEN WINDOW PANESFAA2316 EASTERN STATE PENITENTIARYFAA2315 NARROW ESCAPEFAA2311 HOSPITAL WING

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Category:Architecture and Structures
Subcategory:Castles
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Keywords:al, avenue, block, brick, capone, cell, confinement, corinthian, design, door, eastern, fairmount, fortress, guard, historic, history, hospital, incarceration, jail, pane, penitentiary, pennsylvania, philadelphia, prison, state, stone, sutton, texture, tower, wagon, wheel, willie, window, wing