JAMART Photography | EASTERN STATE Prison

The Eastern State Penitentiary, also known as ESP, is a former American prison in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is found at 2027 Fairmount Avenue between Corinthian Avenue and North 22nd Street in the Fairmount section of the city, and was operational from 1829 until 1971. The penitentiary refined the revolutionary system of separate incarceration first pioneered at the Walnut Street Jail which emphasized principles of reform rather than punishment. Notorious criminals such as bank robber Willie Sutton and Al Capone were held inside its innovative wagon wheel design. At its completion, the building was the largest and most expensive public structure ever erected, and quickly became a model for more than 300 prisons worldwide. Designed by John Haviland and opened on October 25, 1829, Eastern State is considered to be the world's first true penitentiary. Eastern State's revolutionary system of incarceration, dubbed the "Pennsylvania System" or Separate system, encouraged separate confinement (the warden was legally required to visit every inmate every day, and the overseers were mandated to see each inmate three times a day) as a form of rehabilitation.
FAA2286 STONE PUZZLEFAA2287 VINES AND STONESFAA228 NATURE'S WALLFAA2291 DAYS OF OLDFAA2292 ENDURING ROOTSFAA2295 SHADED ENTRYFAA2296 SHADED DOORWAYFAA2297 RUST TOGETHERFAA2298 KNOCK TWICEFAA2300 PRISON PASSAGEFAA2301 FOLLOW THE CURVEFAA2303 IN THE DETAILSFAA2304 BLANCHED CURVEFAA2305 VARIED TEXTUREFAA2306 PANED DOORFAA2307 PRISON PASSAGEFAA2308 VERTICALLY PANEDFAA2309 DAYLIGHTFAA2310 ARCHED DOUBLEFAA2311 HOSPITAL WING

Categories & Keywords
Category:Architecture and Structures
Subcategory:Castles
Subcategory Detail:
Keywords:al, avenue, block, brick, capone, cell, confinement, corinthian, design, door, eastern, fairmount, fortress, guard, historic, history, hospital, incarceration, jail, pane, penitentiary, pennsylvania, philadelphia, prison, state, stone, sutton, texture, tower, wagon, wheel, willie, window, wing